Data Literacy should not be understood as a synonym for Data Science. While Data Science represents an independent research field and includes mainly technical competencies regarding Statistics and Computer Science, Data Literacy is a basic competency that is relevant for every person at a certain level of expertise.
The following overview is based on the Data Literacy competency matrix from Ridsdale et al. (2015)2, which is one of the most widely used competence frameworks to date. The 21 individual competencies from 5 knowledge areas are categorised into conceptual, basic and advanced competencies. Further descriptions and examples for the competencies are given.
2 Ridsdale C., Rothwell J., Smit M., Ali-Hassan H., Bliemel M., Irvine D., Kelley D., Matwin S., Wuetherick B. (2015) Strategies and Best Practices for Data Literacy Education Knowledge Synthesis Report. DOI: 10.13140/RG.2.1.1922.5044